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PROJECTS AND ACTIVITIES IN 3 YEARS FOLLOWING KUTCHCH EARTHQUAKE OF JAN 26, 2001
CAUTION TO OWNERS OF DAMAGED HOME IN KASHMIR
PAPERS ON DISASTER MITIGATION
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POSTERS FOR EARTHQUAKE SAFETY IN KASHMIR
MASON GUIDE - HINDI
SEMI PERMANENT SHELTER BOOKLET - SHELTER FROM STONE-TIMBER-TIN
MANUAL ON HAZARD RESISTANT CONSTRUCTION IN INDIA - ENGLISH
APADA PRATIRODHAK BHAWAN NIRMAN - SAMPURNA BHARAT KE LIYE MARGDARSHIKA - HINDI
TRAINER'S GUIDE FOR TRAINING IN HAZARD-RESISTANT CONSTRUCTION
MANUAL FOR RESTORATION AND RETROFITTING OF RURAL STRUCTURES IN KASHMIR
LATUR REVISITED REPORT
BUILDING A HAZARD RESISTANT HOUSE - A COMMON MANS GUIDE
   
NCPDP

 

Striving to bring sustainable technologies to help people reduce their vulnerability against future disasters. Backed by 11 years of experience in transfer of disaster resistant building technologies including retrofitting of over 700 public and private buildings, construction of over 1500 disaster resistant structures, and training of approximately 1900 engineers and 7500 masons in relevant technologies in various disaster prone areas of India.

   
CEDAP

 

Committed to developing, demonstrating and transferring technologies that are sustainable and culturally appropriate. Backed by 19 years of experience on development and dissemination of sustainable technologies.

 
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A Semi-permanent Shelter for the Disaster Affected in Uttarakhand

 

Immediately after a disaster strikes come the temporary shelters that people put together very quickly, like knee jerk reaction. Within a few weeks of that they build shelters in which they very likely will stay for anywhere from a half a year to a couple of years until a permanent shelter or a house gets built. In Uttarakhand, with nearly 4 months having passed people certainly need to move in to the midterm shelter. Midterm shelter is something that they house owner will dismantle after some time.

The stone shelter that we have designed and built is such that people are refusing to accept that it should be dismantled within a couple of years since it is earthquake and cyclone resistant, and is also spacious and comfortable. It does not feel like a shed, but feels like a house. We consider it Semi-permanent, because it will be built in two phases. In first phase people will build low walls on account of feeling unsettled and unsure of the path ahead. Sometime later the roof can be raised and also the walls. We call it ASHIYANA
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Total Carpet Area: 412 sqft

 
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Total Cost: Rs. 96,000/-
(Including the Overheads of Implementing Agency)

 

There are many myths about what such shelters should be. The past disaster have taught lots of lessons in this direction based on which a simple policy could be evolved. The points to remember are...

Tents or a universal type of pre-fabricated houses do not work in terms of culture, weather, livelihoods, lifestyle, natural resources, etc.
An external intervention by any agency could best be directed at strengthening peoples’ initiatives to build their own mid-term shelters by providing the supplemental materials and financial support, information, technical guidance, necessary artisanal tools, and artisans or labour if required.
At the time of planning the construction of midterm shelters Humanitarian agencies ideally should stay away from large contractors and prefabricated design, especially those using industrial materials. Use of ready to assemble structures with metal frame and infill panels must be avoided.
It is required that local capacities are recognised, respected and strengthened and adopt processes that are consistent with resources and capacities of the local community. The approach that promotes self-help with limited assistance from the government or NGO yields best results. For example agencies could distribute CGI sheets and timber where ever required. Stone for walling should be available near the site. Timber also should be available. Bamboo is another materials which can be used for under-structure.
The speed of construction is important, but not as much as many agencies think. A householder constructing a shelter by-oneself in a few days is preferred to a specialized crew erecting a shelter within a few hours. The former process takes care of peoples’ need a lot faster than the later. It is like one agency making 1,000 shelters than 1,000 families making 1,000 shelters.
Facilitating community driven process of midterm shelter reconstruction requires education and training of humanitarian agencies. Their present mindset must change for effective post disaster response.
 


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